11 Easy to grow vegetables for indoor & balcony gardens (for beginners)

Whether you’re a gardening beginner or just want to start a vegetable garden in pots at home with the least amount of effort, here are the top foolproof, easy to grow vegetables suitable even for growing in your apartment.

Seedlings of vegetables (Source:Getty images)

Most importantly, grow what you like to eat! Growing vegetables you buy from your supermarket will save you a small fortune, and homegrown vegetables have a much better flavor!

These vegetables are so easy to grow it is almost trivial. Yet so few people actually start growing these delicious veggies:

1. Lettuce

Growing lettuce in an improvised container (Source: Twitter/@mofumahali_Tash)

Lettuce is one of the favorite vegetables of every gardener. Freshly harvested, crisp leaves are highest in vitamin A and potassium. Homegrown lettuce is far superior to the store-bought alternative! 

Lettuce grows quickly, is really easy to harvest and takes up very little space.

Sow the seeds in the soil. Expect germination to occur within 7 to 10 days. You will be able to harvest your salad in about 20-30 days.

Suggested sorts of Lettuces for Indoors:

  • Merlot
  • Baby Oakleaf
  • Lollo Rosa
  • Tom Thumb
  • Garden Babies
  • Red Deer Tongue
  • Black-Seeded Simpson
  • Salad Bowl
  • Arctic King
  • Winter Marvel
  • Winter Density

2. Tomatoes

Grow tomatoes indoors (Source: Instagram/@clauoriordan)

Growing tomatoes is often a must for a vegetable garden. Every gardener dreams of growing the ultimate perfect tomato.

Starter plants from a garden center are the easiest to grow. If you have a bit more time and patience growing tomatoes from seeds is an alternative.

10 High Performing Tomatoes:

  • Sungold is a sweet tomato. 55 days to maturity.
  • Patio Princess is perfect for a small container garden. It takes 65 to 70 days to mature.
  • Yellow Pear is perfect for salad. It takes about 78 days to mature.
  • Bush Early Girl is disease resistant. It grows to maturity in 68 days.
  • Green Zebra produces medium-sized fruit. It matures in 75 to 80 days.
  • Celebrity is an excellent choice for container gardens. It will mature in about 65 days.
  • Amish Paste is a cooking tomato. It matures in 65 to 80 days.

3. Potatoes

Growing potatoes in a pot (Source: Instagram/@faxoej)

Potatoes are perfect for growing in containers! You will need large pots (16 inches in diameter and 16 inches (41 cm) high). You can grow potatoes also in growing bag. You can harvest them after 10 to 13 weeks.

Early and second early potatoes give the best results in containers, producing lots of delicious new potatoes. These are our recommendation:

  • Vivaldi – High yield ( 6 kg) and good-sized
  • Accent – high yield, good taste
  • Charlotte – high yield, but moderate taste
  • Jazzy – new variety, medium yield (4 kg), but excellent taste
  • Casablanca – huge yield (7.5 kg), but bland taste
  • Red Duke of York – medium yield (4 kg), good flavor, excellent for mashing

4. Spinach

Growing a spinach in a pot (Source: Instagram/@greenthum8heart)

As a child growing up, I remember my mom trying to get me to eat spinach. Fast forward to today I’m starting to love spinach and grow more of it.  

Spinach doesn’t like moisture, so make sure you grow spinach in a pot with drainage holes. Plant seeds 1 cm (1/2 inch) in soil 10 cm (4 inches) apart. Seed germinate for 1 week.

Spinach needs to grow 6 weeks to be harvested. There are 3 major varieties of spinach:

  • Savoy Spinach with thick and deep crinkled leaves
  • Semi-Savoy Spinach with less crinkled leaves.  It is so easy to clean. Recommended for a home garden.
  • Smooth Leafed Spinach with smooth and flat leaves.  They are very easy to clean.

5. Microgreens

Microgreens (Photo by Devi Puspita Amartha Yahya on Unsplash)

Microgreens are incredibly easy to grow and they are super healthy, too. In fact, microgreens have up to 40 times more vitamins and nutrients than fully grown vegetables.

In just 3 weeks you can grow a tasty mix of:

  • baby kale
  • wheatgrass
  • beets
  • arugula
  • sunflower shoots
  • radish sprouts
  • pea shoots

Everyone who ever bought microgreens, knows they are very expensive, selling for $20 to $50 a pound. Growing your microgreens will save you a lot of money and even give you an opportunity to have some additional side income.

6. Radishes

Grow your own radishes (Photo by philippe collard on Unsplash)

Radishes are known to do quite well indoors. Radishes don’t need a ton of light. However, they need a deep enough container for growing bulbs.

The most common way of is to use seeds. Plant them directly in pots (1 cm deep, 3 cm apart). Seeds will germinate in 3 to 10 days. Pots need to be 15 cm deep. Radishes require regular watering.

Best varieties of radishes:

  • Cherry Belle is very common. Can be picked up 30 days after germination
  • Early Scarlett Globe is the easiest to grow and the fastest to harvest of all radishes. Can be picked 25 days after germination
  • Helios unlike other radishes it has a sweet taste
  • Round black radish they look different and taste unique
  • White Icicle tastes best when picked young and can be eaten alone. It takes around 30-40 days to harvest.

7. Scallions/green onions

Red spring onions (By Evan-Amos – Own work, Public Domain, Wikipedia)

Yes, scallions and green onions are actually the same vegetable, but called differently across the globe. Other names are also spring onion and salad onion.

They are mild in taste and they will not make you cry!

Scallions are great for gardening beginners because they’re easy to care for. You can grow them indoors because they don’t need as much sunlight.

Take the vegetable’s white end, which is the part you usually trim off before chopping. Stick them in enough water to submerge the roots. After a week, you can plant them in a pot or you can keep them in water.

There are 4 varieties of green onions:

  • Four Seasons
  • Nebuka
  • Tokyo Long White
  • Sweet Spanish Valencia
  • White Lisbon

8. Peas

Growing peas indoors (Source: Instagram/@zdrowelistki)

Peas are quick growing and prefer cooler conditions. Plant successively to have crops all year round.

An indoor pea plant needs 8 to 10 hours of bright light. Place the pot near the window or use grow light.

Sow seeds in flats or small containers at 2 inches apart (5 cm.)

Once plants are 15 cm (6 inch) tall, pinch off the tops to promote branching. Pea flowers are self-pollinating.

Try out one of the following varieties:

  • Snap pea
  • Snow pea
  • Dwarf pea

9. Chili peppers

Chili peppers (Source: Twitter/@jeroendonker)

Growing your own chili peppers has become increasingly popular with different varieties to suit different tastes. In addition, chili peppers look nice and will be a great decoration to your apartment.

You can easily grow them 30 cm pots. They are die-hard plants and you can forget to water them for a couple of days.

However, chili-peppers will benefit from grow light or placing them outdoors during warm weather.

Chilies are self-pollinating, but it is recommended that you hand-pollinate them.

Best chilli pepper varieties to grow inside are:

  • piqu’ns
  • chiltepins
  • habaneros
  • Thai peppers
  • jalapeños

10. Herbs

Indoor herb garden (Source: Getty images)

Herbs are extremely easy to grow indoors. Using simple tips and tricks you can grow fresh herbs to spice up your meal every day of the year.

Most herbs can be grown indoors. The easiest to grow are:
– basil,
– chives,
– mint,
– oregano,
– parsley,
rosemary,
– thyme

11. Strawberries

Growing strawberries in a pot (Source:Instagram/@hashtag.solan)

Unlike many crops, strawberries are perennials so you can enjoy a new crop every summer. If space is an issue, grow them in hanging baskets.

Strawberry plants don’t need much light and are perfectly suited for growing in a pot.

It is better to buy a seedling than to seed because a seed needs 1 month to germinate. Once sprouted you will be able to enjoy sweet fruit in 6 weeks.

You need to pollinate your strawberry plants otherwise the will produce no fruits.

You need to pollinate your strawberries otherwise they will not produce any fruit. To do this use a small brush or even your finger.

The best varieties of strawberries to grow indoors are:

  • Alpine strawberry – they don’t expand much and save space.
  • Seascape strawberry is day-neutral strawberry plants, which is not affected by day-length

I believe you will find vegetables which suit you perfectly. Now you are probably wondering what is needed to grow vegetables indoors.

What do you think? Do you agree or disagree? Did I miss anything about growing herbs indoors that should be listed here? Add your voice in the comments.

Happy gardening!

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